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And Is Kind
chre-stEUetai
chresteuetai, khresteuetai, cresteuetai

Versions
ACV, AKJV, ASV, KJV, Lamsa, LONT, MEV, MNT, Mont, Mur, NHEB, NKJV, UTV, WEB, Wes: "and is kind"
AMP, CPV, ESV, Good, ICB, LB, NCV, NJB, NLT, NWT, REB, RSV, TEV, WENT, Wey: "and kind."
Mace, Worrell: "is kind"
BBE, CAB, CENT, GWT, HCSB, LEB, NASB, NEB, NET, NIV, NLV, NRSV, NSB, Riv, Voice: "love is kind"
Godbey: "divine love is kind"
ISV: "Love is always kind"
CEV, CLNT, Darby, DR, LITV, MKJV, Rhe: "is kind"
YLT: "it is kind"
OJB: "ahavah is kind"
ALT: "it acts kindly"
DLNT, TFEC: "love shows kindness"
Rot: "is gracious"
ED: "is gentle"
Mes: "Love cares more for others than for self"
HWP: "You get good heart fo help da odda peopo."
EJ2000: "and is benign"
1st: "It is benyngne or of good wille."
Wyc: "it is benygne"
Tyn: "and is corteous"
Bis: "and is curteous"
Gen: "it is bountiful"
ABPE: "and sweet"
Wul: "sels ist"
Elb: "ist gütig"
Sch: "und gütig"
Luther: "und freundlich"
HTB: "de liefde is vriendelijk"
DN, DNB: "er velvillig"
Ice: "hann er góšviljašur"
SV: "och mild"
CEI: "č benigna la caritą"
Vul: "benigna est"
AA: "é benigno"
VFL: "e amįvel"
RVR, SSE: "es benigna"
NBLH, NVI: "es bondadoso"
FD: "il est plein de bonté"
FLS: "elle est pleine de bonté"
HCV: "li gen bon kč"
BPKS: "dobrostiva je ljubav"
CRO: "ljubav je dobrostiva"
ALB: "plot mirėsi"
Raa: "rakkaus on lempeä"
SND: "at mabait"

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Greek
Word: chre-STEUomai (5541)

Definitions:

  • Strong's:
    chre-stEUomai, khraste-yoo'-om-ahee; middle voice from chre-sTOS (5543) "useful, manageable".
    To show oneself useful, that is, act benevolently. KJV "be kind".
  • Zodhiates:
    chre-STEUomai; future chre-sTEUsomai, middle deponent from chre-sTOS (5543), useful.
    • To be kind, obliging, willing to help or assist. (1 Cor. 13:4)
  • Mounce's:
    GK 5980 (S 5541) Word occurs once.
    • To be gentle, benign, kind. (1 Cor. 13:4)
  • Vine's:
    • Kind, No. 1, akin to chre-sTOS, to be kind, is said of love. (1 Cor. 13:4)
  • Thayer's:
    1. To show one's self mild, to be kind, use kindness. (1 Cor. 13:4; NT Apocrypha 1 Clement 13:2; 14:3)
Origin
Word: chre-sTOS (5543)

Definitions:

  • Strong's:
    chresTOS, khrase-tos'; from CHRAomai (5530) "to receive a loan; borrow; take for one's use".
    Employed, that is, (by implication) useful (in manner or morals). KJV "better, easy, good (-ness), gracious, kind".
  • Zodhiates:
    chre-sTOS; fem. chre-sTE-, neut. chre-sTON, adj. from CHRAomai (5530), to furnish what is needed.
    Profitable, fit, good for any use.
    1. Of things (Luke 5:39, better for drinking; Sept.: Jer 24:2,5, good for eating.)
      • Figuratively, good, gentle, easy to use or bear. Christ's yoke is chre-sTOS, as having nothing harsh or galling about it. (Matt. 11:30)
      • In a moral sense, moral, useful, good, virtuous. (in the proverb in 1 Cor. 15:33 quoted from Menander)
    2. Of persons, useful toward others, hence good-natured, good, gentle, kind. (Luke 6:35 of God; Eph. 4:32; 1 Pet. 2:3)
      • to chre-sTON (neuter with article), goodness, kindness, equal to he- chre-sTOte-s (S 5544). (Rom. 2:4; Sept.: Ps. 86:5)
  • Mounce's:
    GK 5982 (S 5543) Word occurs 7 times.
    Greek-English
    • Useful, profitable; good, agreeable. (Lk. 5:39)
    • Easy, as a yoke. (Mt. 11:30)
    • Gentle, benign, kind, obliging, gracious. (Lk. 6:35; Eph. 4:32; Rom. 2:4; 1 Pet. 2:3)
    • Good in character, disposition, etc., virtuous. (1 Cor. 15:33)
    Expository:
    • This adjective refers first of all to God, who is "kind to the ungrateful and wicked". (Lk. 6:35)
    • In fact, his being kind to all people is intended to lead them to repentance. (Rom. 2:4)
    • Once we have become children of God, we continue to experience God's kindness or goodness. (1 Pet. 2:3)
    • Then, as a result of and in imitation of our loving God, God calls us to "be kind and compassionate to one another". (Eph. 4:32)
  • Vine's:
    • Easy, Adjective No. 1, primarily signifies fit for use, able to be used (akin to chraomai, to use), hence, good, virtuous, mild, pleasant (in contrast to what is hard, harsh, sharp, bitter). It is said
      1. of the character of God as kind, gracious (Luke 6:35; 1 Pet. 2:3); good (Rom. 2:4), where the neuter of the adjective is used as a noun, "the goodness" (cp. the corresponding noun chre-sTOtes, "goodness", in the same verse);
      2. of the yoke of Christ (Matt. 11:30), "easy" (a suitable rendering would be 'kindly');
      3. of believers; (Eph. 4:32)
      4. of things, as wine (Luke 5:39, R.V.), "good", for A.V., "better" (cp. Jer. 24:3,5, of figs);
      5. ethically, of manners. (1 Cor. 15:33)
    • Good, Adjective No. 3, said of things, that which is pleasant, said of persons, kindly, gracious, is rendered "good" (1 Cor. 15:33); "goodness". (Rom. 2:4)
    • Kind, Adjective No. 1: serviceable, good, pleasant (of things), good, gracious, kind (of persons), is translated "kind" (Luke 6:35), of God; in Eph. 4:32, enjoined upon believers.
  • Thayer's:
    1. Fit, fit for use, useful.
      1. Virtuous, good.
    2. Manageable.
      1. Mild, pleasant (as opposed to harsh, hard, sharp, bitter).
      2. Of things.
        • chre-sTOteROS OInos, pleasanter. (Luke 5:39)
        • SYka. (Jer. 24:3,5)
        • ho zyGOS, opposed to burdensome. KJV "easy". (Matt. 11:30)
      3. Of persons: kind, benevolent.
        • Of God. KJV "gracious". (1 Peter 2:3 from Psalm 33:9)
          • to chre-sTON tou theOU equivalent to he- chre-sTOte-s. (Rom. 2:4)
        • Of men.
          • eis TIna, toward one. KJV "kind". (Eph. 4:32)
          • ePI TIna. Here of God; KJV "kind". (Luke 6:35)
  • HELPS Word-studies:
    5543 chrestOS (an adjective, derived from 5530 CHRAomai, "to furnish what is suitable, useful")
    Properly, useful (serviceable, productive); well-fitted (well-resourced); useful (beneficial, benevolent).

    On the spiritual plane, 5543 chrestOS ("suitable, usefully kind") describes what God defines is kind – and therefore also eternally useful! "We have no adjective in English that conveys this blend of being kind and good at the same time" (M. Vincent).

    ["Chrestus ("useful, kindly") was a common slave-name in the Graeco-Roman world. It "appears as a spelling variant for the unfamiliar Christus (chrisTOS). (In Greek the two words were pronounced alike.)" (F. F. Bruce, The Books of Acts, 368).]

Word: CHRAomai (5530)

Definitions:

  • Strong's:
    CHRAomai, khrah'-om-ahee; middle voice of a primary verb (perhaps rather from cheir [5495], to handle).
    To furnish what is needed; (give an oracle, "graze" [touch slightly], light upon, etc), that is, (by implication) to employ or (by extension) to act towards one in a given manner. Compare CHRAo- (5531), chre- (5534). KJV "entreat, use".
  • Mounce's:
    GK 5968 (S 5530) Word occurs 11 times.
    Greek-English
    • To use, make use of, employ. (Acts 27:17; 1 Cor. 7:31)
    • To take advantage of. (1 Cor. 7:21; 9:12, 15)
    • To use, to treat, behave towards. (Acts 27:3; 2 Cor. 13:10)

    Expository
    • Use, Verb No. 1: chraomai means "to use". This verb occurs in a variety of passages with a variety of nuances.
      • Paul encourages slaves who are able to gain their freedom to "make use" of that opportunity. (1 Cor. 7:21)
      • Two chapters later the apostle says that he could have earned his living from being an evangelist, but he freely chooses not to "use" that right. (1 Cor. 9:12, 15)
      • If we "use" the law in a proper manner, the law is good and not a burden. (1 Tim. 1:8)
      • Later in this same letter Paul instructs Timothy to "use a little wine" for his stomach's sake. (1 Tim. 5:23)

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Paronyms
Word: chre-STOTe-s (5544)

Definitions:

  • Strong's:
    chre-STOTe-s, khray-stot'-ace; from chresTOS (5543), employed, useful.
    Usefulness, that is, moral excellence (in character or demeanor). KJV "gentleness, good (-ness), kindness".
  • Zodhiates:
    chre-sTOte-s; genitive chre-sTOte-tos, feminine noun from chre-sTOS (5543), useful, profitable.
    Benignity, kindness, usefulness.
    It often occurs with philanthroPIa (5363), philanthropy; anoCHE- (463), forbearance (Rom. 2:4), and is the opposite of apotoMIa (663), severity or cutting something short and quickly (Rom. 11:22). chre-sTOte-s is translated ...
    1. Good. (Rom. 3:12)
    2. Kindness. (2 Cor. 6:6; Eph. 2:7; Col. 3:12; Titus 3:4)
    3. Gentleness. (Gal. 5:22).
    It is the grace which pervades the whole nature, mellowing all which would have been harsh and austere. Like wine, mellowed with age (cf. Luke 5:39). The word is descriptive of one's disposition and does not necessarily entail acts of goodness as does the word agatho-SYne- (19), active benignity. chre-sTOte-s has the harmlessness of the dove but not the wisdom of the serpent which agatho-SYne- shows in sharpness and rebuke.
  • Mounce's:
    GK 5983 (S 5544) Word occurs 10 times.
    • Goodness, kindness, gentleness. (Rom. 2:4; 11:22 (3x); 2 Cor. 6:6; Gal. 5:22; Col. 3:12; Titus 3:4)
    • Kindness shown, beneficence. (Eph. 2:7)
    • Goodness, virtue. (Rom. 3:12)
    Goodness
    • chre-sTOte-s means "kindness, goodness" and is used especially of God. This word occurs only in Paul's letters.
    Kindness
    1. chre-sTOte-s is a characteristic of God. It denotes the kindness and good favor that he shows to believers. Paul reminds those who think that they are beyond judgment that it is only God's kindness and patience that forestall His judgment (Rom. 2:4). But a time will come when the chre-sTOte-s of God will no longer be provided to those who do not continue in their faith, regardless of what they presume their position to be (Rom. 11:22 [3x]). The kindness of God is expressed primarily in Christ (Eph. 2:7) and was manifested to people in his appearance as Savior (Titus 3:4).
    2. As a result of receiving the chre-sTOte-s of God, believers are to clothe themselves with chre-sTOte-s (Col. 3:12), to such an extent that it characterizes them even in the midst of trials and persecution (2 Cor. 6:6). Believers are able to exhibit chre-sTOte-s because of the work of the Spirit in their lives, for chre-sTOte-s is one of the aspects of the fruit of the Spirit (Gal. 5:22). Because unbelievers are without the Spirit, Paul can say that no one among them manifests chre-sTOte-s (Rom. 3:12).
  • Vine's:
    • Goodness, 1, akin to chre-sTOS, denotes goodness
      1. in the sense of what is upright, righteous. "Good". (Rom. 3:12)
      2. in the sense of kindness of heart or act,
        • said of God, (Rom. 2:4; 11:22 thrice; Eph. 2:7 "kindness"; Titus 3:4 "kindness")
        • said of believers and rendered "kindness". (2 Cor. 6:6; Col. 3:12; Gal. 5:22 RV, AV "gentleness")
      It signifies not merely goodness as a quality, rather it is goodness in action, goodness expressing itself in deeds; yet not goodness expressing itself in indignation against sin, for it is contrasted with severity (Rom. 11:22), but in grace and tenderness and compassion.
    • Kindness, 1, akin to chre-sTOS and chre-sTEUomai, used of goodness of heart, kindness, is translated "kindness" in 2 Cor. 6:6; Gal. 5:22, RV (AV "gentleness"); Eph. 2:7; Col. 3:12; Titus 3:4.
  • Thayer's:
    1. Moral goodness, integrity. (Rom. 3:12 from Ps. 13(14):3 [KJV "doeth good"])
    2. Benignity, kindness. (Rom. 2:4; 2 Cor. 6:6; Gal. 5:22; Col. 3:12; Titus 3:4)
      • he- chreSTOTe-s tinOS epI tina. Opposite to apotoMIa. (Rom. 11:22; Eph. 2:7)
  • HELPS Word-studies:
    5544 chre-sTOte-s (a noun, derived from 5543 chre-sTOS, "useful, profitable").
    Properly, useable, i.e. well-fit for use (for what is really needed); kindness that is also serviceable.

    5544 chre-sTOte-s ("useful kindness") refers to meeting real needs, in God's way, in His timing (fashion). Hence 5544 (chre-sTOte-s) is listed as a fruit of the Holy Spirit (Gal 5:22). With the believer, 5544 chre-sTOte-s ("divine kindness") is the Spirit-produced goodness which meets the need and avoids human harshness (cruelty). "We have no term that quite carries this notion of kind and good" (WP, 1, 92).

Word: CHRAo- (5531)

Definitions:

  • Strong's:
    CHRAo-, khrah'-o; probably the same as the base of CHRAomai (5530), to receive a loan; borrow; take for one's use.
    To loan. KJV "lend".
  • Zodhiates:
    CHRAo-; contracted chro-, future CHRE-so-.
    To lend, furnish as a loan. (Luke 11:5)

Word: CHREIa (5532)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5970 (S 5532) Word occurs 49 times.
    Greek-English
    • Use; need, necessity, requisiteness. (Eph. 4:29, Heb. 7:11)
    • Personal need, an individual want. (Acts 20:34; Rom. 12:13; Phil. 2:25; 4:16, 19)
    • CHREIan ECHo-, to need, require, want. (Mt. 6:8; 14:16; Mk. 2:25; Jn. 2:25)
    • esTI CHREIa, there is need. (Lk. 10:42)
    • ta pros te-n CHREIan, necessary things. (Acts 28:10)
    • A necessary business, affair. (Acts 6:3)
    Expository
    • Need, Noun No. 1: CHREIa refers to a necessity one has for something.
      • E.g., John's need for baptism. (Mt. 3:14)
      • The need of the sick for a doctor. (Mk. 2:17)
      • The need of David and his companions for food. (Mk. 2:25, cf. Acts 20:34)
      • Being "in need" often refers in the NT to lack of basic, physical necessities. (Rom. 12:13; Phil. 4:16)
      • For Paul, mutual dependence and sharing of basic needs are a crucial part of being the body of Christ. (1 Cor. 12:21)
      • Paul assures God's people that God will meet all of their needs. (Phil. 4:19)
      • But sometimes meeting those needs depends on the "haves" within the church, for "if anyone has material possessions and sees his brother in need but has no pity on him, how can the love of God be in him?" (1 John 3:17)
Word: chreopheiLETe-s (5533)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5971 (S 5533) Word occurs 2 times.
    Greek-English
    • Debtor. (Lk. 7:41; 16:5)

Word: chre- (5534)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5973 (S 5534) Word occurs 1 time.
    Greek-English
    • Impersonal verb, there is need or occasion, it is necessary, it is requisite; it becomes, it is proper. (James 3:10)

Word: CHRE-zo- (5535)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5974 (S 5535) Word occurs times.
    Greek-English
    • To need, want, desire. (Mt. 6:32; Lk. 11:8; 12:30; Rom. 16:2; 2 Cor. 3:1)

Word: CHRE-ma (5536)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5975 (S 5536) Word occurs 6 times.
    Greek-English
    • Anything useful, or needful; plural wealth, riches. (Mk. 10:23; Lk 18:24)
    • Money. (Acts 8:18, 20; 24:26)
    • Singular, price. (Acts 4:37)

Word: chre-maTIzo- (5537)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5976 (S 5537) Word occurs 9 times.
    Greek-English
    • To have dealings, transact business; to negotiate; to give answer on deliberation; in NT, to utter a divine communication. (Heb. 12:25)
    • Passive, to be divinely instructed, receive a revelation or warning from God. (Mt. 2:12, 22; Lk. 2:26; Acts 10:22; Heb. 8:5; 11:7)
    • Intransitive, to receive an appellation. (Acts 11:26; Rom. 7:3)

Word: chre-matisMOS (5538)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5977 (S 5538) Word occurs 1 time.
    Greek-English
    • In NT, a response from God, a divine communication, oracle. (Rom. 11:4)

Word: CHRE-simos (5539)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5978 (S 5539) Word occurs 1 time.
    Greek-English

Word: CHRE-sis (5540)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5979 (S 5540) Word occurs 2 times.
    Greek-English
    • Use, employment; manner of using. (Rom. 1:26, 27)

Word: chre-stoloGIa (5542)

Definitions:

  • Mounce's:
    GK 5981 (S 5542) Word occurs 1 time.
    Greek-English
    • Bland address, fair speaking. (Rom. 16:18)

Word: achREIos (888)

Definitions:

  • Thayer's:
    achREIos, -on, from CHREIos, useful.
    Useless, good for nothing.
    1. ton achREIon DOUlon. (Matt. 25:30)
    2. By an hyperbole of pious modesty "the servant" calls himself achREIon, because, although he has done all, yet he has done nothing except what he ought to have done; accordingly he possesses no merit, and could only claim to be called "profitable", should he do more than what he is bound to do. (Lk. 17:10)
    3. Equivalent to sha^PHA^L (H8217) low, base. (LXX: 2 Sam. 6:22)

Word: achreiOo- (889)

Definitions:

  • Thayer's:
    achreiOo-: -o-, 1 aorist passive e-chreiO-the-n; from achREIos, useless.
    To make useless, render unserviceable.
    1. Of character. (Rom. 3:12 from LXX: Ps. 13[14]:3)

Word: ACHre-stos (890)

Definitions:

  • Thayer's:
    ACHre-stos, -on, from chrestOS, and this from CHRAomai. In Greek writings from Homer down.
    Useless, unprofitable.
    1. Opposed to EUchre-stos. (Philem. 1:11)

Word: EUchre-stos (2173)

Definitions:

  • Thayer's:
    EUchre-stos, -on, from eu and CHRAomai.
    Easy to make use of, useful.
    1. With dative of person. (2 Tim. 2:21)
    2. Opposed to Achre-stos. (Philem. 1:11)
    3. eis ti, for a thing. (2 Tim. 4:11)

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