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Suffereth Long
makrothyMEI
makrothymei, makrothumei, macrothumei

Versions
ASV, Gen, KJV, Wes: "suffereth long"
Bis: "suffreth long"
AKJV, ED, EJ2000, Godbey, LONT, MNT, Mont, NKJV, Worrell: "suffers long"
CPV, Lamsa, Mur, NWT, YLT: "is long-suffering"
Riv: "is longsuffering"
Darby: "has long patience"
AMP: "endures long and is patient"
LITV, MKJV: "has patience"
ABPE, ACV, CAB, CENT, CLNT, DR, ESV, Good, GNT, GWT, HCSB, ICB, Mace, NASB, NCV, NET, NHEB, NIV, NLT, NSB, REB, Rhe, Rot, RSV, WEB, WENT, Wey: "is patient"
LB: "is very patient"
ISV, NJB: "is always patient"
UTV: "behaves patiently"
ALT, TFEC: "waits patiently"
BBE: "is never tired of waiting"
Mes: "never gives up"
CEV: "and patient"
Tyn: "suffreth longe"
1st: "is pacient"
Wyc: "is pacient"
Vul: "patiens est"
CEI: "č paziente"
RVR, SSE: "es sufrida"
NBLH: "es paciente"
FD: "use de longanimité"
FLS: "est patiente"
Elb, Luther: "ist langmütig"
BPKS: "je velikodušna"

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Into the Original Greek
Root, Definitions, and Cross-References
Word: makrothyMEo- (3114)

Definitions:

  • Strong's:
    makrothyMEo-, mak-roth-oo-meh'-o; from the same as makrothyMOS (3116), i.e., compound of makROS (3117) long, and thyMOS (2372) passion (as if breathing hard).
    To be long spirited, that is, (objectively) forbearing or (subjectively) patient. KJV "bear (suffer) long, be longsuffering, have (long) patience, be patient, patiently endure".
  • Zodhiates:
    Contracted makrothyMO-, future makrothyME-so-, from makROthymos (not found), long-suffering, which is from makROS (3117), long, and thyMOS (2372), wrath, anger.
    • To suffer long, be long-suffering, as opposed to hasty anger or punishment. (1 Cor. 13:4, 1 Thess. 5:14; 2 Pet. 3:9)
    • To forbear. (Matt. 18:26, 29)
    • To endure patiently, as opposed to losing faith or giving up. Used of Abraham's patient faith in God under pressure of trying circumstances. (Heb. 6:15; James 5:7,8)
    • To tarry, delay. (Luke 18:7)
    makrothyMEo- involves exercising understanding and patience toward persons while hypoMEno- (5278) involves putting up with things or circumstances.
  • Mounce:
    GK 3428 (S 3114) Word occurs 10 times.
    • To be slow towards, be long-enduring; to exercise patience, be long-suffering, clement, or indulgent, to forbear. (Mt. 18:26,29; 1 Cor. 13:4; 1 Thess. 5:14; 2 Pet. 3:9)
    • To have patience, endure patiently, wait with patient expectation. (Heb. 6:15; Jas. 5:7,8)
    • To bear long, as with entreaties for deliverance and avengement. (Luk 18:7)
  • Vine's:
    • Bear, Verb No. 14, to be long-tempered (makros, long, thumos, temper), is translated "is longsuffering over" in Luke 18:7 RV (AV, "bear long with").
    • Endure, Verb No. 7, to be long-tempered (makros, long, thumos, temper), is rendered "patiently endured" in Heb. 6:15, said of Abraham.
    • Longsuffering, Verb No. 1, akin to makrothumia, to be patient, longsuffering, to bear with, literally, to be long-tempered, is rendered by the verb to be longsuffering in Luke 18:7 RV (AV "bear long"); in 1 Thess. 5:14 RV (AV "be patient"); so in Jas. 5:7,8; in 2 Pet. 3:9 AV and RV, "is longsuffering".
    • Patience, Patient, Verb No. 2, akin to makrothumia, to be long-tempered, is translated to have patience, or to be patient, in Matt. 18:26,29; 1 Thess. 5:14 AV (RV "to be longsuffering"); Jas. 5:7 (1st part, "be patient"; 2nd part, RV "being patient", AV, "hath long patience"); in Heb. 6:15 RV "having (AV after he had) patiently endured".
    • Suffer, Verb No. (b)8, is rendered "suffereth long" in 1 Cor. 13:4.
  • Thayer's:
    1. To be of a long spirit, not to lose heart.
      1. To persevere patiently and bravely in enduring misfortunes and troubles.
      2. To be patient in bearing the offenses and injuries of others.
        1. To be mild and slow in avenging.
        2. To be longsuffering, slow to anger, slow to punish.
Derivational
Word: makrothyMIa (3115)

Definitions:

  • Strong's:
    makrothumia, mak-roth-oo-mee'-ah; from the same as makrothumos (3116).
    Longanimity, i.e. (objectively) forbearance or (subjectively) fortitude. KJV "longsuffering, patience".
  • Zodhiates:
    Genitive makrothyMIas, feminine noun from makrothyMEo- (3114), to be long-suffering.
    • Forbearance, long-suffering, self-restraint before proceeding to action. The quality of a person who is able to avenge himself yet refrains from doing so. (Rom. 2:4; 9:22; Ga. 5.22; Eph. 4:2; Col. 1:11; 3:12; 1 Tim. 1:16; 2 Tim. 4:2; Heb. 6:12; James 5:10; 2 Pet. 3:15; LXX: Prov. 25:15; Is. 57:15; Jer. 15:15)
    • makrothyMIa is patience in respect to persons while hypomoNE- (5281), endurance, is putting up with things or circumstances. Both words are often found together. (2 Cor. 6:4, 6; 2 Tim. 3:10)
    • makrothyMIa is associated with mercy Eleos (1656) and is used of God.
  • Mounce:
    GK 3429 (S 3115) Word occurs 14 times.
    • Patience; Patient enduring of evil, fortitude. (Col. 1:11; Col. 3:12; 1 Tim. 1:16; 1 Pet. 3:20)
    • Slowness of avenging injuries, long-suffering, forbearance, clemency. (Rom. 2:4; 9:22; 2 Cor. 6:6; Gal. 5:22; Eph. 4:2; 2 Tim. 4:2; Jas. 5:10)
    • Patient expectation. (2 Tim. 3:10; Heb. 6:12; 2 Pet. 3:15)

    Patience. makrothyMEo- and makrothyMIa are normally translated as some form of "patience, endurance". (Especially Heb. 6:9-15; Jas. 5:7-11; 2 Pet. 3:4-15)
    From macros, "long" (in terms of time), and thymos, "the soul" as the seat of feelings and passions (including anger, temper), this word group suggests the same as the Hebrew, "to be long of feeling, delay one's anger" (as in "longsuffering").

    1. Patience is first of all a quality of God.
      • He shows his patience in that he wishes everyone to repent and be saved. (2 Pet. 3:9, 15)
        • So that he delays punishment. (Rom. 2:4)
        • As in Paul's case. (1 Tim. 1:16)
      • God's patience provides the extra time sometimes needed to bring someone to repentance; but when that person fails to repent, the punishment is even greater. (cf. Rom. 2:4)
      • God waited "patiently" for the ark to be built despite the world's sin. (1 Pet. 3:20)
      • Even now he is "patient" with the vessels of wrath made for destruction -- a patience that shows his mercy. (Rom. 9:22)
      • A difficult passage probably means that God will be patient in hearing the requests of his elect and answer them. (Lk. 18:7)
      • God's immeasurable patience with the sinner's debt is the basis for human forgiveness of human sin. (Cf. Mt. 18:23-35)
    2. This word group is used of human patience as well. (Acts 26:3)
      • As when a farmer patiently waits for the crops. (Jas. 5:7b)
      • As when the two servants cry out for patience in the parable on forgiveness. (Mt. 18:26, 29)
      • Human patience links with Peter's need to forgive seventy-seven times, i.e., an unlimited number. (Cf. Mat. 6:12, 14-15)
    3. Patience is an aspect of the fruit of the Spirit. (Gal. 5:22)
      • The believer should be patient with everyone. (Eph. 4:2; Col. 1:11; 3:12; 1 Thess. 5:14; Heb. 6:12)
      • It characterizes
        • Paul. (2 Cor. 6:6; 2 Tim. 3:10)
        • The prophets. (Jas. 5:10)
        • Those who through faith inherit the promise. (Heb. 6:12)
      • The believer's love is patient. (1 Cor. 13:4)
      • Abraham was patient in waiting for God's promise. (Heb. 6:15)
    4. The believer should especially be patient while:
      • Waiting for the Lord's return in the face of suffering. (Jas. 5:7-8)
      • Timothy is to preach, rebuke, and exhort in the present hour "with all patience". (2 Tim. 4:2)
  • Vine's:
    • Longsuffering, Noun No. 1, forbearance, patience, longsuffering (makros, long, thumos, temper) is usually rendered "longsuffering". (Rom. 2:4; 9:22; 2 Cor. 6:6; Gal. 5:22; Eph. 4:2; Col. 1:11; 3:12; 1 Tim. 1:16; 2 Tim. 3:10; 4:2; 1 Pet. 3:20; 2 Pet. 3:15; "patience" in Heb. 6:12; Jas. 5:10)

    Longsuffering is that quality of self-restraint in the face of provocation which does hot hastily retaliate or promptly punish. It is the opposite of anger and is associated with mercy, and is used of God. (Rom. 2:4; 1 Pet. 3:20; LXX: Ex. 34:6) Patience is the quality that does not surrender to circumstances or succumb under trial; it is the opposite of despondency and is associated with hope. (1 Thess. 1:3)

  • Thayer's:
    1. Patience, endurance, constancy, steadfastness, perseverance.
    2. Patience, forbearance, longsuffering, slowness in avenging wrongs.
Word: makroTHYmo-s (3116)

Definitions:

  • Strong's:
    makrothyMO-S, mak-roth-oo-moce'; adverb of a compound of makROS (3117) and thyMOS (2372).
    With long (enduring) temper, that is, leniently. KJV "patiently".
  • Zodhiates:
    Adverb from makROTHymos (not found), long-suffering, which is from makROS (3117), long, and thyMOS (2372), wrath, anger.
    This adverb occurs only in Acts 26:3, where Paul asks Agrippa, "hear me patiently". hypomoNE- (5281) is exercised toward things and circumstances, while makrothyMIa is exercised toward people. When makrothyMIa is exercised toward another, one reaches out to that person in the hope of winning him to Christ. The basic words makrothyMIa and makrothyMEo- (3114) stand in contrast to hypomone- and hypoMEno- (5278), patience or ability to stand under pressure of circumstances and things.
  • Mounce:
    GK 3430 (S 3116) Word occurs 1 time.
  • Vine's:
    • Akin to makrothyMEo- and makrothyMIa. Denotes "patiently". (Acts 26:3)
  • Thayer's:
    1. With longanimity, i.e., patiently.
Synonym
(Sharing a Relevant Semantic Affinity)
Word: aNEkhomai (430)

Definitions:

  • Zodhiates:
    Middle voice of aNEkho-.
    • ... (II) Spoken of persons, to bear with, have patience with in regard to the errors or weaknesses of anyone. (Matt. 17:17; Mark 9:19; Luke 9:41; 2 Cor. 11:1,19; Eph. 4:2; Col. 3:13; LXX: Is. 46:4; 63:15)

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Full Texts of Selected References
Matt. 17:17--"O unbelieving (Apistos) and perverse (diestramMENe-) generation," Jesus replied, "how long shall I stay (ESomai) with you? How long shall I put up with (aNECHomai) you? Bring the boy here to me." (NIV)
Alt.:--"O faithless and twisted generation, how long am I to be with you? How long am I to bear with you? (ESV)
Alt.:--"O unfaithful and crooked ... How long shall I suffer you?" (EJ2000)
Alt.:--"O generation, unstedfast and perverse, ... till when shall I bear you?" (YLT)
Alt.:--"How much longer must I endure you?" (NET)

Matt. 18:26, 29--
Alt.:--"At this the servant fell on his knees before him. 'Be patient (makroTHYme-son) with me,' he begged, 'and I will pay back everything (PANta).' ... His fellow servant fell to his knees and begged him, 'Be patient (makroTHYme-son) with me, and I will pay it back.' (NIV)
Alt.:--So the servant fell on his knees, imploring him, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.' ... So his fellow servant fell down and pleaded with him, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you.' (ESV)
Alt.:--"'Only give me time,' he said, 'and I will pay you the whole.' (Wey)
Alt.:--Lord, give me time to make payment (BBE)

Luke 18:7--And will not God bring about justice (poiE-se- te-n ekDIke-sin) for his chosen ones, who cry out to him day and night? Will he keep putting them off? (makrothyMEI) (NIV)
Alt.:--... night, though he bear long with them? (KJV)
Alt.:--Will he delay long over them? (ESV)
Alt.:--And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them? (KJV)
Alt.:--Will He delay to help them? (HCSB)
Alt.:--Is he slow to help them? (ISV)
Alt.:--"Shall not God all the more perform vindication for his Elect, who cry to him by day and by night, and he delays his Spirit concerning them?”
Alt.:--And will not God revenge his elect ... and will he have patience in their regard? (DR)
Alt.:--shall not God avenge his elect, which cry to him day and night, and he is longsuffering over them? (RV)
Alt.:--although He seems slow in taking action on their behalf? (Wey)
Alt.:--and shall not God execute the justice to His choice ones, who are crying unto Him day and night -- bearing long in regard to them? (YLT)
Alt.:--And will not God do right in the cause of his saints, ... though he is long in doing it? (BBE)
Alt.:--Or will he continue to endure them? (CPDV)
Alt.:--and yet he exercises patience with them? (NHEB)

Acts 26:2-3--"I consider myself fortunate that it is before you, King Agrippa, that I can defend myself today against all (PANto-n) the accusations of the Jewish leaders, 3 since you are especially familiar with all (PANto-n) the Jewish customs and controversies (ze-te-MAto-n). I beg you, therefore, to listen patiently (makroTHYmos) to me.
Alt.:--all the customs and speculations that prevail among the Jews; and for this reason, I pray you, give me a patient hearing. (Wey)
Alt.:--you are expert in all customs and questions (WEB)
Alt.:--"I especially know that you are capable in all inquiries of The Law of the Jews; I therefore ask of you that you will hear me patiently." (ABPE)

Eph. 4:2-3--Be completely humble (tapeinophroSYNe-s) and gentle (praYte-tos); be patient (makrothyMIas), bearing with (aneCHOmenoi) one another in love (aGApe-). 3 Make every effort (spouDAzontes) to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace (eiRE-ne-s).
Alt.:--With all humility and gentleness, with patience, showing tolerance for one another in love, being diligent to (NASB)
Alt.:--With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love; Endeavouring to keep (KJV)
Alt.:--With all humility and mildness, with patience, supporting one another in charity. Careful to keep (DR)
Alt.:--demonstrating all expressions of humility, gentleness, and patience, accepting one another in love. Do your best to maintain (ISV)
Alt.:--with patience, accepting one another in love, diligently keeping the unity of the Spirit with the peace that binds us. (HCSB)
Alt.:--with all lowliness of mind and unselfishness, and with patience, bearing with one another lovingly, and earnestly striving to (Wey)
Alt.:--With all gentle and quiet behavior, taking whatever comes, putting up with one another in love, taking care to keep the harmony of the Spirit in the yoke of peace. (BBE)
Alt.:--Be patient with each other, making allowance for each other's faults because of your love. (NLT)
Alt.:--... show your love by being tolerant of one another. Do your best to preserve the unity which the Spirit gives by means of the peace that binds you together. (GNT)

1 Thess. 5:14-- And we urge you, brothers and sisters, warn those who are idle and disruptive (aTAKtous), encourage the disheartened (oligoPSYkhous), help the weak (astheNO-N), be patient with everyone (makrothyMEIte pros PANtas). (NIV)
Alt.:--Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all (KJV)
Alt.:--warn those who are irresponsible, comfort the discouraged, help the weak (HCSB)
Alt.:--admonish the undisciplined (NET)
Alt.:--admonish the disorderly, encourage the fainthearted, support the weak, be longsuffering toward all. (RV)
Alt.:--And our desire is that you will keep control over those whose lives are not well ordered, giving comfort to the feeble-hearted, supporting those with little strength, and putting up with much from all. (BBE)

Heb. 6:15--And so after waiting patiently (makrothyME-sas), Abraham received what was promised. (NIV)
Alt.:--And so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise. (KJV)
Alt.:--by persevering, Abraham inherited the promise. (NET)
Alt.:--and thus, having had long patience, he got the promise. (Darby)
Alt.:--And so, when he had been waiting calmly for a long time, God's word to him was put into effect. (BBE)

James 5:7,8--Be patient (makrothyME-sate), therefore, brothers, until the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer waits (ekDEkhetai) for the precious fruit (karPON) of the earth, being patient (makrothyMO-N)about it, until it receives the early and the late rains. 8 You also, be patient (makrothyME-sate). Establish (ste-RIXate) your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand. (ESV)
Alt.:--Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it ... Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: (KJV)
Alt.:--he is patient over them until he receives the early and late rains (ABPE)
Alt.:--patiently bearing till he receive (DR)
Alt.:--Go on waiting calmly, ... like the farmer waiting ... Be as calm in your waiting; let your hearts be strong (BBE)

2 Pet. 3:9--The Lord is not slow (ou braDYnei KYrios) in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. Instead he is patient (makrothyMEI) with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance. (NIV)
Alt.:--The Lord does not delay His promise (HCSB)
Alt.:--Rather, he is patient for your sake. He doesn't want to destroy anyone but wants all people to have an opportunity to turn to him and change the way they think and act. (GWT)
Alt.:--The Lord delayeth not his promise, as some imagine, but dealeth patiently for your sake (DR)
Alt.:--The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some count slackness; but is longsuffering to you-ward, not wishing that any should perish (RV)
Alt.:--He bears patiently with you (Wey)
Alt.:--not counselling any to be lost but all to pass on to reformation (YLT)
Alt.:--he is waiting in mercy for you, not desiring the destruction of any (BBE)
Alt.:--he does act patiently for your sake (CPDV)

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