Word: aLE-theia (225)
alE-theia, al-ay'-thi-a; from ale-THE-S (227).
Truth. KJV "true, X truly, truth, verity".
Truth, reality; the unveiled reality lying at the basis of and agreeing with an appearance; the manifested, the veritable essence of matter.
- Truth, verity, reality. The reality pertaining to an appearance. (Rom. 1:18, 25)
- Truth as evidenced in relation to facts, therefore, aLE-theia denotes the reality clearly lying before our eyes as opposed to a mere appearance, without reality. (Mark 5:33; John 5:33; 16:7; Acts 26:25; Rom. 9:1; 2 Cor. 6:7; 12:6; Eph. 4:25; 1 Tim. 2:7; LXX: 1 Kgs. 22:16; 2 Chr. 18:15; Luke 4:25; 22:59; Acts 4:27; 10:34; LXX: Job 9:2; Is. 37:18)
- Spoken of what is true in itself, purity from all error or falsehood. (Mark 12:32; Acts 26:25; Rom. 2:20; 2 Cor. 7:14; 12:6; Col. 1:6; 2 Tim. 2:18; 3:7, 8; 4:4; Gal. 2:5; Eph. 1:13; Col. 1:5; 2 Tim. 2:15; James 1:18; Ps 119:86; Ps. 119:43)
- Truth, love of truth, both in words and conduct, meaning sincerity, veracity. (Matt. 22:16; Mark 12:14; Luke 20:21; John 4:23, 24; 8:44; Eph. 4:24; 5:9; 6:14; Phil. 1:18; 1 John 1:6, 8; 2:4; 3:18, 19; 5:6; 2 John 1:3; 3 John 1:3; LXX: Josh. 2:14; 1 Sam. 12:24; 2 Sam. 2:6; 1 Kgs. 2:4; 3:6; 2 Chr. 19:9; Ps. 35:6)
- In the NT especially, divine truth or the faith and practice of the true gospel is called "truth" either as being true in itself and derived from the true God, or as declaring the existence and will of the one true God, in opposition to the worship of false idols. Hence divine truth, gospel tuth, as opposed to heathen and Jewish fables. (John 1:14, 17; 8:32, 40, 45, 46; 16:13; 17:17, 19; 18:37, 38; Rom. 1:18, 25; 2 Cor. 4:2; 13:8; Gal. 3:1; 5:7; 2 Thess. 2:10, 12, 13; 1 Tim. 2:4, 7; 3:15; 2 Tim. 2:25; Titus 1:1, 14; Heb. 10:26; James 1:18; 3:14; 1 Pet. 1:22; 2 Pet. 1:12; 2:2; 1 John 2:21; 2 John 1:2, 4; 3 John 1:8; John 14:6, 17; 15:26; 16:13; LXX: Ps. 24:5; 25:3; 85:11)
- Conduct conformed to the truth, integrity, probity, virtue, a life conformed to the precepts of the gospel.
- ho poiO-N te-n aLE-theian meaning he who lives in the truth, who does what is true, from poiEo- (4160), to make or to do. In opposition we have ho phaUla PRASso-n, one doing evil things, from phaUla (5337), foul, trivial, evil things, and PRAsso- (4238), to perform. (John 3:20-21)
- "He did not remain in his integrity". (John 8:44)
- In opposition to adiKIa, unrighteousness, wrong. (Rom. 2:8; 1 Cor. 13:6; Eph. 4:21; 1 Tim. 6:5; James 5:19; 3 John 3, 4, 12; LXX: Ps. 119:30; Prov. 28:6; Is. 26:10)
GK 237 (S 225) Word occurs 109 times.
- Truth. (Mark 5:33)
- Love of truth, sincerity. (1 Cor. 5:8)
- Divine truth revealed to man. (John 1:17)
- Practice in accordance with Gospel truth. (John 3:21; 2 John 4)
- Perhaps the most common use of the noun ale-theia and the two corresponding adjectives is to refer to something that is accurate. (Acts 26:25; Jn. 5:31-32; cf. Rev. 21:5; 22:6; Tit. 1:13; 3 Jn. 12)
- But truth is not only in statements. Paul uses that adjective ale-thinos to describe God himself. The Thessalonians turned from idols in order to "serve the living and true God". And because God is true, what God speaks is also truth; "your word is truth". (1 Thess. 1:9; Jn. 17:17)
- Not only is God true, but Jesus is "True" as well. He is "full of grace and truth". In fact, Jesus himself is "truth", and if we are his disciiples, we will "know the truth". Jesus is "the true vine," through which his followers draw nourishment. John uses the adjective ale-the-s to denote a spiritual reality about Jesus that is beyond the observable world. Jesus proclaims that his flesh is "true food" and his blood is "true drink". (Rev. 19:11; Jn. 1:14, 17; 14:6; 8:32; 6:55)
- Furthermore, especially in John's writings, the Holy Spirit is referred to as the "Spirit of truth". The Holy Spirit recalls to our minds the words of Jesus and certifies to our hearts that they are true. This usage of ale-theia is also closely associated with John's reference to the Holy Spirit as the parakle-tos. This means that the Holy Spirit is a defense witness for Christians, defending against false accusations and the lies of the enemy by testying to the truth. (Jn. 14:17; 15:26; 16:13; 1 Jn. 4:6; 5:6; Jn. 14:16, 26; 16:7)
- Truth is not only something that we believe; it is also something that we are called upon to speak and even to practice. This connection betyween truth and action is found throughout the NT. Ity is implied in Paul's distinctive use of ale-theia to refer to the gospel he preached ("the truth"), which is in contrast to the preaching of Paul's opponents who sought to repress the truth. Paul commends himself and his fellow workers to the scrutiny of his readers in contrast to the false teachers and implies that his challengers will not endure such a test. He has suffered for the gospel, and that suffering testifies to its truth. Christians are expected to be truthful in this way, being honest and having actions that reflect the commitment to truth. (2 Cor. 12:6; Gal. 2:5, 14; 1 Tim. 2:7; 2 Cor. 4:2; 6:4-12; 1 Cor. 5:8; Eph. 4:24-25)
- The apostle John has a similar emphasis, arguing that Christians should "do the truth," emphasizing the concept of living "in the light". John records Jesus saying, "whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what he has done has been done through God". Similarly, John reminds his readers that those who claim to have fellowship with Christ but continue to walk in darkness "do not live by the truth". Thus, there is a close connection between one's knowledge of truth and godly activity; the two cannot be separated. In an age where truth is all too often shaded to obscure falsehood, there is no group of people who should be more dedicated to speaking the truth forthrightly and living by its holy stndards than the followers of Jesus. (Jn. 3:21; 1 Jn. 1:6; Phil. 4:8)
Truth, Noun No. 1, is used:
- Objectively, signifying "the reality lying at the basis of an appearance; the manifested, veritable essence of a matter" (Cremer). (Rom. 9:1; 2 Cor. 11:10)
- Especially of Christian doctrine, where "the truth of the Gospel" denotes the true teaching of the Gospel, in contrast to perversions of it. (Gal. 2:5)
- Where "the truth of God" may be 'the truth concerning God' or 'God whose existence is a verity'. (Rom. 1:25)
- "The truth of God" indicative of His faithfulness in the fulfilment of His promises as exhibited in Christ. (Rom. 15:8)
- With an absolute force. (John 14:6; 17:17; 18:37, 38)
- In "even as truth is in Jesus", the meaning is not merely ethical truth, but truth in all its fulness and scope, as embodied in Him. (Eph. 4:21)
- He was the perfect expression of the truth. (John 14:6)
- Subjectively, truthfulness, truth, not merely verbal, but sincerity and integrity of character. (John 8:44; 3 John 3, RV)
- In phrases, e.g.,
- "In truth", (epi, on the basis of). (Mark 12:14; Luke 20:21)
- With en, in. (2 Cor. 6:7; Col. 1:6; 1 Tim. 2:7, RV; 1 John 3:18; 2 John 1, 3, 4)
- What is true in any matter under consideration.
- Truly, in truth, according to truth.
- Of a truth, in reality, in fact, certainly.
- What is true in things appertaining to God and the duties of man, moral and religious truth.
- In the greatest latitude.
- The true notions of God which are open to human reason without his supernatural intervention.
- The truth as taught in the Christian religion, respecting God and the execution of his purposes through Christ, and respecting the duties of man, opposing alike to the superstitions of the Gentiles and the inventions of the Jews, and the corrupt opinions and precepts of false teachers even among Christians.
- Truth as a personal excellence.
- That candour of mind which is free from affection, pretence, simulation, falsehood, deceit.
Word: ale-thEUo- (226)
ale-theuo-, al-ayth-yoo'-o; from ale-THE-S (227), true.
- To speak or tell the truth.
- To teach the truth.
- To profess the truth.
Word: aleTHE-S (227)
ale-THE-S, al-ay-thace'; from a (1), as a negative particle, and lanTHANo- (2290), to be hidden.
- Loving the truth, speaking the truth, truthful.
Word: ale-thiNOS (228)
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ale-thiNOS, al-ay-thee-nos'; from ale-THE-S (227).
- That which has not only the name and resemblance, but the real nature corresponding to the name, in every respect corresponding to the idea signified by the name, real, true, genuine.
- Opposite to what is fictitious, counterfeit, imaginary, simulated or pretended.
- It contrasts realities with their semblances.
- Opposite to what is imperfect, defective, frail, uncertain.
- True, veracious, sincere.