Word: eriTHEIa (2052)
STRONG'S: Properly intrigue, that is, (by implication) faction.
THAYER: Electioneering or intriguing for office.
- Apparently, in the NT a courting distinction, a desire to put one’s self forward, a partisan and fractious spirit which does not disdain low arts.
- Partisanship, fractiousness.
VINE'S: Denotes ambition, self-seeking, rivalry, self-will being an underlying idea in the word; hence it deontes party-making. It is derived, not from ERis, strife, but from erithos, a hireling. Faction is the fruit of jealousy.
ZODHIATES: Contention, strife, rivalry.
- It represents a motive of self-interest, mercenary interest.
- It also meant canvassing for public office, scheming.
- Phil. 1:16; 2:3;
- Rom. 2:8; 2 Cor. 12:20; Gal. 5:20; James 3:14,16.
Word: IDios (2398)
STRONG'S: Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
THAYER: Pertaining to one’s self, one’s own, belonging to one’s self.
VINE'S: One's own, his own, private.
ZODHIATES: Properly one's own. As pertaining to a private person and not to the public, private, particular, individual, as opposed to demOSios (1209), public, open, and koiNOS (2839), common.
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- Used adverbially:
- iDIa, individually, severally, to each one.
- kat' iDIan with the preposition kaTA (2596), according to, meaning privately, by oneself, apart from others, e.g., one individual alone.
- As belonging to oneself and not to another, one's own, peculiar.
- Denoting ownership, that of which one is himself the owner, possessor, producer, as my own, your own, his own.
- In the sense of peculiar, particular, as distinguishing one person from others.
- As denoting that which in its nature or by appointment pertains in any way to a person or things.
- Sometimes iDIos is used instead of a possessive pronoun without any emphasis. Equivalent to heauTOU (1438), of his own.