Word: eriTHEIa (2052)


STRONG'S:  Properly intrigue, that is, (by implication) faction.

THAYER:  Electioneering or intriguing for office.

  1. Apparently, in the NT a courting distinction, a desire to put one’s self forward, a partisan and fractious spirit which does not disdain low arts.
  2. Partisanship, fractiousness.

VINE'S:  Denotes ambition, self-seeking, rivalry, self-will being an underlying idea in the word; hence it deontes party-making. It is derived, not from ERis, strife, but from erithos, a hireling. Faction is the fruit of jealousy.

ZODHIATES:  Contention, strife, rivalry.

  1. It represents a motive of self-interest, mercenary interest.
  2. It also meant canvassing for public office, scheming.


  1. Phil. 1:16; 2:3;
  2. Rom. 2:8; 2 Cor. 12:20; Gal. 5:20; James 3:14,16.
Word: IDios (2398)


STRONG'S:  Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.

THAYER:  Pertaining to one’s self, one’s own, belonging to one’s self.

VINE'S:  One's own, his own, private.

ZODHIATES:  Properly one's own. As pertaining to a private person and not to the public, private, particular, individual, as opposed to demOSios (1209), public, open, and koiNOS (2839), common.

  1. Used adverbially:
    1. iDIa, individually, severally, to each one.
    2. kat' iDIan with the preposition kaTA (2596), according to, meaning privately, by oneself, apart from others, e.g., one individual alone.
  2. As belonging to oneself and not to another, one's own, peculiar.
    1. Denoting ownership, that of which one is himself the owner, possessor, producer, as my own, your own, his own.
    2. In the sense of peculiar, particular, as distinguishing one person from others.
    3. As denoting that which in its nature or by appointment pertains in any way to a person or things.
    4. Sometimes iDIos is used instead of a possessive pronoun without any emphasis. Equivalent to heauTOU (1438), of his own.

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